https://uojawjournals.education/index.php/jwrs/issue/feed Wisdom Journal For Studies & Research 2023-01-26T09:39:30+00:00 Salah Hamad Allah uojaw@uojaw.education Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Wisdom Journal For Studies &amp; Research (WJFSAR)</strong> is an international scientific journal specialized in the humanities, social sciences and literature. It is a refereed journal, issued by the University and the Institute of Justice and Wisdom in the United States of America.</p> <p><strong> ISSN print/ 2769-1926 ISSN online/ 2769-1934</strong></p> <p>It aims to present diverse and emerging ideas and issues within its specialization. It is published 4 times a year (March-June-September). -December), publishes research in Arabic, English and French, and also publishes works completed within the framework of research projects and international conferences, and it is supervised by the competent scientific body.</p> <p><span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="ar" data-phrase-index="0" data-number-of-phrases="3">Note that the research of this journal holds the <strong>DOI CROSSREF Digital Object Identifier, it is classified in Google Scholar,</strong>as it allows</span> <span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="ar" data-phrase-index="2" data-number-of-phrases="3"> open and direct access to</span></span> <span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="ar" data-phrase-index="0" data-number-of-phrases="3"> its contents from the principle of making scientific research available free to the public from the journal's website, and it has a LOCKSS license and a CLOCKSS license</span> <span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="ar" data-phrase-index="2" data-number-of-phrases="3">To store and distribute Journal content.</span></span></p> <p><span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="ar" data-phrase-index="2" data-number-of-phrases="3">The journal is also based on the Open Journal Systems (OJS), an open source software application for scholarly journals, which is used by more than 25,000 worldwide. Open access can increase a journal's readership and contribute to the global public good</span></span></p> <p>The refereed international scientific journal is published 4 times a year regularly according to a fixed schedule, <span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="ar" data-phrase-index="0" data-number-of-phrases="1">In addition to 4 issues of conferences and scientific events supposed per year.</span></span></p> <p><strong>Fixed schedule for issuing regular magazine issues in each annual volume</strong></p> <table width="335"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="220"> <p><strong>Publishing month</strong></p> </td> <td width="115"> <p><strong>N</strong><strong>umber</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="220"> <p><strong>month 03</strong></p> </td> <td width="115"> <p>number 01</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="220"> <p><strong>month 06</strong></p> </td> <td width="115"> <p>number 02</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="220"> <p><strong>month 09</strong></p> </td> <td width="115"> <p>number 03</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="220"> <p><strong>month 12</strong></p> </td> <td width="115"> <p>number 04</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="ar" data-phrase-index="0" data-number-of-phrases="13"><strong>Publication Fee</strong>:</span></span></p> <p><span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="ar" data-phrase-index="2" data-number-of-phrases="13">The publishing fee is $150</span></span></p> <p><span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="ar" data-phrase-index="4" data-number-of-phrases="13">An electronic copy shall be sent to the researcher after each issue, and a hard copy upon request, provided that the researcher bears the costs of shipping and printing.</span></span></p> <p><span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="ar" data-phrase-index="6" data-number-of-phrases="13"><strong>Fee payment system</strong>:</span> <span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="ar" data-phrase-index="8" data-number-of-phrases="13">Publication fees are paid through</span></span></p> <p><span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="ar" data-phrase-index="10" data-number-of-phrases="13">Transfer system through Western Union / MoneyGram*</span></span></p> <p><span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="ar" data-phrase-index="10" data-number-of-phrases="13">*transfers</span> <span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="ar" data-phrase-index="12" data-number-of-phrases="13">International bank account transfer system</span></span></p> https://uojawjournals.education/index.php/jwrs/article/view/161 Using the mobile learning method in education 2023-01-24T18:50:10+00:00 هالة عبد الامير البدران amdrh796@gamil <p>(The aim of the current research is to clarify a cartoon educational method represented by mobile education and its use within the education process in general and in preparatory schools in particular. The researcher used the descriptive approach due to its suitability for the research procedures. The current research is determined by the Directorate of Education of Baghdad / Karkh II, the method of mobile education, middle school students, and the academic year 2020 AD. The research community included the sixth grade preparatory female students of the scientific and literary branch who are continuing to work within the academic year 2020 AD, and their number is (347) students. Represented by a closed questionnaire consisting of 5 questions about the students’ use of mobile education during the educational process, and the results reached by the research were the students’ use of mobile education by a very high percentage in the educational process. At the end of the research, the researcher put conclusions, recommendations and proposals).</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Wisdom Journal For Studies & Research https://uojawjournals.education/index.php/jwrs/article/view/154 Higher schools in the state of Baghdad at the time of the Ottoman organizations (1839-1917) 2023-01-19T18:36:00+00:00 Talal El dahabi talaleldahabi01@gmail.com <p>During the Ottoman organizations period, all the states of the Ottoman Empire witnessed a struggle in the reform of educational institutions, during which the Ottomans used the European model in all administrative aspects. Moreover, Baghdad witnessed a significant increase in the opening of educational institutions for all levels of education, including high schools and universities, albeit to a lesser extent than other Arab states such as Beirut or Syria.</p> <p>Sultan Abd al-Hamid II had a great role in developing this reform and during his reign the modernization movement witnessed a rush in spite of the problems and disturbances that were afflicting the Ottoman Empire at the time. These universities aimed to graduate a group of elites in all fields, such as law, medicine and engineering, according to the highest standards.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Wisdom Journal For Studies & Research https://uojawjournals.education/index.php/jwrs/article/view/155 Sexual abuse and its effects on the individual 2023-01-19T19:22:36+00:00 fatiha bensadoun fatiha.bensadoun@univ-tiaret.dz مصطفى لكحل mustapha.lakhal@univ-saida.dz <p>Summary:</p> <p>Our current study aimed to identify the effects of sexual assaults among abused individuals at the Girls' Protection Center - Tlemcen - through the application of the projective test as well as clinical interviews, which concluded that sexual abuse had negative effects on the psychology of the abused individual at several levels, as well as dimensions, including behavioral, emotional, mood, social and even cognitive</p> <p>Keywords: sexual assault, individual.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Wisdom Journal For Studies & Research https://uojawjournals.education/index.php/jwrs/article/view/156 The course of reform in the health system in Algeria 2023-01-19T20:07:46+00:00 soufyane Touhami soufyane.touhami@univ-saida.dz زكية بن عامر zakiya.benameur@univ-saida.dz <p>he field of health is one of the most important areas of development policy for any country, and Algeria is one of the countries that suffered from the policy of colonialism, which destroyed all the vital sectors on which any country relied, as it took all means to starve and nurse the Algerian people. In the aftermath of colonialism, the Algerian state tried to reform many sectors, especially the health sector, by adopting the socialist system to replace the colonial health system that was prevalent, so it introduced a set of procedures and legal systems in an urgent manner to eliminate or even reduce the many diseases, epidemics, mortality and disabilities left by colonialism, and through That is why the Algerian state established the first national Ministry of Health during the reign of the government of Ahmed Ben Bella, which was formed on September 28, 1962. During this topic, we will try to highlight some concepts related to the health system and shed light on the historical (chronological) development of the reform path of this system in Algeria.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Wisdom Journal For Studies & Research https://uojawjournals.education/index.php/jwrs/article/view/158 The importance of Islam in increasing the self-efficacy of the clinical psychologist 2023-01-20T08:11:19+00:00 عبد المجيد طهراوي abdelmadjidtahraoui@yahoo.com <p><strong>Abstract</strong><strong> : </strong></p> <p> This study aimed to clarify the importance of religiosity in the religion of Islam in raising the self-efficacy of the clinical psychologist, based on a set of field studies that examined the difficulties suffered by this specialist within the Algerian society, which discovered that the largest percentage of these difficulties are related to the personality of the specialist and the degree of his self-effectiveness. The results showed that the teachings of the Islamic religion are compatible with the ethics of the clinician's profession, which is the cornerstone in order to increase his self-effectiveness.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Wisdom Journal For Studies & Research https://uojawjournals.education/index.php/jwrs/article/view/159 The cognitive rooting of the concept of psychological pressure 2023-01-20T20:24:50+00:00 nasreddine Aris nasreddine.aris@univ-saida.dz <p>Psychological pressure is a major topic in the domain of psychology. It has an important position in the positive psychological speciality since we aim at studing the cognitive rooting of the concept of psychological pressure. Thus we tend to explore the historical point of this concept of stress and try to scan its different definitions and the definition of stressful positions. Beside the clinical description and the important theories which explain it. At the and we should mention that we studied the different ways and methods of measurement of psychological pressure. By this way we would have given you a brif look of the topic of psychological pressure which majority of people suffer from at different stages and percentages as thay are obliged to face it.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Wisdom Journal For Studies & Research https://uojawjournals.education/index.php/jwrs/article/view/150 The Islamic approach to animal welfare and its guarantees Inductive study 2022-12-22T20:00:04+00:00 عادل اللصاصمة dr.adel197333@gmail.com <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; Islamic Sharia is concerned with animal welfare, and it affirms the fulfillment of this principle, through texts, and it is tantamount to drawing up laws controlling the preservation of livestock, ensuring their reproduction, securing their livelihood, and forbidding transgression by unfair killing, or even frightening and terrorizing them. This leads to the realization of the cosmic coexistence system, and the realization of the lofty principles of harmony and ecological harmony; Rather, Sharia precedes all contemporary laws calling for animal welfare. It has made provisions regarding the dealings of a Muslim with his surroundings, and has linked that great punishment, and the most rewarding, to entering paradise or Hell by charity or offense to an animal.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Wisdom Journal For Studies & Research https://uojawjournals.education/index.php/jwrs/article/view/151 Psychological functioning and psychosomatic balance in adults with hemophilia 2023-01-17T18:46:12+00:00 Nassima Ali Toudert nassima.alitoudert@univ-alger2.dz <p>L’hémophilie est une maladie hémorragique, héréditaire, chronique et irréversible ; l’hémophile est exposé à de graves complications, d’où le caractère handicapant de cette maladie. Nous avons mené une recherche auprès de 17 adultes hémophiles agés de 18 à 53 ans, utilisant le Rorschach, le TAT et l'entretien clinique selon l’approche de P Marty. Les résultats révèlent l’existence de diverses organisations psychiques au sein d'une même maladie et que l’étude du fonctionnement psychique n’est pas suffisant pour rendre compte des aménagements économiques et dynamiques mis en œuvre par les sujets pour maintenir leur homéostasie ; les voies de régulations caractérielles, comportementales et somatiques déchargent les excitations inélaborables.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Wisdom Journal For Studies & Research